Abstract: Several Plasmodium species cause hundreds of thousands of deaths in human each year. Plasmodium DNA samples, known as isolates, can be extracted from red blood cells and are able to be sequenced with high throughput sequencing technologies. Unfortunately isolates may contain more than one malaria parasite clone, in other words they could be a mixture with unknown numbers of components and proportions. We developed an EM algorithm to estimate these. Plasmodium also recombines in the mosquito part of its lifecycle, leading to related clones. We have also developed a HMM that allows the detection of related clones both within isolates and between pairs of isolates. We can also use the same HMM to develop a new method for detecting selection signals. The method should be more broadly applicable than just plasmodium. This is joint work with my PhD student, Lyndal Henden, and my former Masters of Bioinformatics student, Stuart Lee, from my lab. Professor Melanie Bahlo, Co-Division Head, Population Health and Immunity Division, The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research.