PDE Seminar Abstracts

Yihong Du

University of New England, Armidale

19 September 2011 2-3pm, Eastern Avenue Seminar Room 405

University of New England, Armidale

19 September 2011 2-3pm, Eastern Avenue Seminar Room 405

We consider nonlinear diffusion problems of the form ${u}_{t}={u}_{xx}+f\left(u\right)$ with free boundaries. Such problems may be used to describe the spreading of a biological or chemical species, with the free boundary representing the expanding front. For any $f\left(u\right)$ which is ${C}^{1}$ and satisfies $f\left(0\right)=0$, we show that every bounded positive solution converges to a stationary solution as $t\to \infty $. For monostable, bistable and combustion types of nonlinearities, we obtain a complete description of the long-time dynamical behavior of the problem. Moreover, by introducing a parameter $\sigma $ in the initial data, we reveal a threshold value ${\sigma}^{*}$ such that spreading ($\underset{t\to \infty}{lim}u=1$) happens when $\sigma >{\sigma}^{*}$, vanishing ($\underset{t\to \infty}{lim}u=0$) happens when $\sigma <{\sigma}^{*}$, and at the threshold value ${\sigma}^{*}$, $\underset{t\to \infty}{lim}u$ is different for the three different types of nonlinearities. When spreading happens, we make use of “semi-waves” to determine the asymptotic spreading speed of the front.

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