SMS scnews item created by Martin Wechselberger at Thu 20 Mar 2008 1722
Type: Seminar
Modified: Thu 27 Mar 2008 0823
Distribution: World
Expiry: 2 Apr 2008
Calendar1: 2 Apr 2008 1405-1455
CalLoc1: Eastern Avenue Lecture Theatre
CalTitle1: Applied Maths Seminar: Gubbins -- Models of the Earth’s Dynamo with Laterally Variations in Heating

Applied Maths Seminar: Gubbins -- Models of the Earth’s Dynamo with Lateral Variations in Heating

Variations in the Earth’s lower mantle appear to influence the geodynamo operating in
the liquid core.  I shall present solutions to the full dynamo equations with lateral
variations in heat flux on the outer boundary defined by the shear wave velocity of the
lowermost mantle.  The magnetic field is almost stationary and locked to the boundary,
with 4 symmetrical concentrations of flux sited beneath cold mantle.  This allows for
the first time a direct comparison between a dynamo solution and the main features of
the present geomagnetic field.  Of the four main equatorially symmetric flux lobes, two
(the ``Siberian’’ pair) are centered within 5 degrees of the corresponding Earth’s pair;
the other two (the ``Canadian’’ pair) are not quite so close but are more mobile, as the
corresponding Earth’s pair have been in the last 300 years.  Our study strongly suggests
that geomagnetic field morphology is dominated not only by geometry related to the inner
core but also by structure in the bottom few hundred kilometres of the mantle, notably
the seismically fast ring beneath the Pacific rim and large fast anomalies beneath
Siberia and Canada.  Tighter locking of one of the pairs of flux lobes suggests the
seismic anomaly beneath the Siberian side of the ring is in some way stronger than the
one on the Canadian side.  The models also predict some features of the ancient magnetic
field found from paleomagnetism.  These locked solutions only occur for a limited
parameter range with the large Ekman numbers available to numerical experiments, which
explains why none have been found earlier.  Locking is enhanced if the upper layers are
density stratified.

ball Calendar (ICS file) download, for import into your favourite calendar application
ball UNCLUTTER for printing
ball AUTHENTICATE to mark the scnews item as read
School members may try to .